Beginner’s Guide to Keto

The ketogenic diet (or keto diet, for short) is a low carb, high fat diet that offers many health benefits.

Ketogenic diets may even have benefits against diabetes, cancer, epilepsy, and Alzheimer’s disease

What is a ketogenic diet?

A ketogenic diet primarily consists of 80-90% fat, 10-20% carbohydrate, and 2-5% protein, and is practiced by many for weight loss, type 2 diabetes, epilepsy, and seizures.Weight loss can be a goal of people on a ketogenic diet, but the diet's popularity has led to an ethical debate over who should be encouraged to eat the diet.Some say that, while a diet should help the overweight and obese lose weight, a ketogenic diet may be dangerous to the health of those without serious medical conditions, since it contains such low levels of carbohydrates.

Keto basics

Others say that ketosis is a useful physiological state, and that it is therefore better to educate people about the benefits of ketogenic diet for certain medical conditions.The diet was developed in the early 1900s by a French researcher, Dr. Henri Wallon, but became widely used and influential in the late 1990s by a few coaches, most notably Jeff Volek.The term "ketogenic" is usually taken to be related to the ketogenic diet, though this is only partly accurate: the American Diabetes Association has suggested that "ketogenic" is a misnomer, as ketosis is an outcome of eating a diet too low in carbohydrates, rather than a cause.

Different types of ketogenic diets

The word "ketogenic" originates from the words "ketos", meaning a substance that could be reduced to fat, and "gene", meaning "creation". In this context, it refers to the process of hydrolysis of fats, which converts fatty acids to ketones, using the enzyme ketone body dehydrogenase. In the presence of glucose, ketone bodies in the blood are rapidly oxidized to form carbon dioxide and water.

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  • ketogenic diet